The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) has announced the winners of their 2017 President’s Medals honoring the world’s best student projects. The awards, recognized as the world’s most prestigious in architectural education, were established in 1836 (the institute’s oldest award) to “promote excellence in the study of architecture [and] to reward talent and to encourage architectural debate worldwide.”
Medals are awarded in three categories: the Bronze for a Part I student (Bachelor level), the Silver for a Part II student (Masters level), and the Dissertation Medal. In addition to these, the winners of the Serjeant Award for Excellence in Drawing and the SOM Foundation Fellowships have been announced.
This year, the Silver Medal was awarded to a student from an institution not currently validated by the RIBA.
“Many congratulations to this year’s RIBA President’s Medals winners,” said RIBA President Ben Derbyshire at the ceremony in London. “The entries for this awards programme are always impressive and this year was no exception, with more entries than ever before. I am extremely pleased to see that the creativity and accomplished technique in the work of these budding architects is matched with a renewed ambition and focus on the important role that architecture plays in social betterment.”
RIBA Silver Medal: Daniel Hall (The Cooper Union, New York, USA)
Cycles of Toolmaking: An Optic, Tactile, Haptic, Material, Scalar and Pedagogic Study
Sited in the ceramic town of Mashiko, Japan, the project proposes a place for learning which responds to the attitudes towards land use, extraction of clay, ceramic craft, agriculture, and water infrastructure, to replace a school damaged in the 2011 Tohoku earthquake.
Tutor: Lauren Kogod
RIBA Bronze Medal: Kangli Zheng (University of Nottingham)
Castle in the Sky
The project is a response to London’s housing crisis, proposing an alternative model: flexible room boxes plugged into the available space above London’s terraces. In these communities in the sky, the space is defined by its occupants, who can replace and customise architectural typologies such as residential homes, co-housing spaces, storage properties, and shared public gardens.
Tutor: Alison Davies
Dissertation Medal: Rhiain Bower (University of Westminster)
Baricsio: The Slate Quarrymen’s Barracks in North West Wales
This study of 19th century barrack dwelling for slate quarrymen in North-West Wales documents the physical structures, collating fieldwork and archival data, and the wider social sphere through newspapers, poetry and accounts of social history.
Tutor: Harry Charrington
The Serjeant Awards for Excellence in Drawing were given to Gabriel Beard (RIBA Part 1) for ‘Ascaya City Hall: Constructing a Virtual Civic Image’ and Thomas Parker (RIBA Part 2) for ‘An Architecture of Lumetric Causality’, both from the Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL.
The UK office of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) also awarded the SOM Foundation Fellowships UK to Andrei-Ciprian Cojocaru (RIBA Part 1 at University of Greenwich) for ‘24 Hour Soho Entertainment Centre’ at Part 1, and Andres Souto (RIBA Part 2 at Royal College of Art) for ‘The Aesthetics of Hope & The Newest Basilica of Guadalupe’, and commended Luca Garoli (Queen’s University Belfast) and Claire Longridge (Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture).
Silver Medal Commendations
- Danielle Fountain (De Montfort University) for ‘The House of Ambiguity: Constructing Fictional Space’;
- Tom Hewitt (Northumbria University) for ‘Landhaus: Walking the Landscape as Design Practice’;
- Ivo Tedbury (Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL) for ‘Semblr’.
Bronze Medal Commendations
- Luca Garoli (Queen’s University Belfast), for ‘Innovate to Conserve: Whiskey Distillery in Ballycastle’,
- Gabriel Beard (Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL) for ‘Ascaya City Hall: Constructing a Virtual Civic Image’
- Shi Yin Ling (Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL) for ‘Seasonal Dense(cities) – Living Garden Typologies for Future London’
Dissertation Medal Commendations
- Christopher Rogers (RIBA Studio) for ‘Architecture in Uniform: PSTD Prevention in Military Architecture’;
- Naomi Rubbra (Edinburgh School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture) for ‘Building Resilient Communities in NYC: Rethinking Gentrification and the Role of the Architect’;
- Rory Sherlock (Architectural Association) for ‘Multimedia Oblivion – Palmyra: Violence, erasure and the corporeal architectural body’.
The Structural Award winners were announced Friday night at The Brewery in London. From 119 entries and 45 shortlisted projects, 14 ground-breaking winners were selected for their innovation and achievements in structural engineering worldwide. This year marks the Structural Award’s 50th year of showcasing outstanding design work in the built environment.
Check out this year’s winners below.
The Supreme Award for Structural Engineering Excellence and The Award for Tall or Slender Structures: British Airways i360 at Brighton, Brighton UK
Structural Engineer: Jacobs
Architect: Marks Barfield Architects
British Airways i360 is the world’s tallest moving observation tower carrying 200 passengers at a time in a circular glass viewing pod, which rises slowly from beach level to a height of 138m. The steel tower is clad in perforated aluminum reducing wind forces on the tower and allowing such a slender form. The tower also hides 78 containers on the inside to help resist movement under gusting winds.
The Award for Long Span Structures: San Mames Football Stadium Cable Roof Extension, Bilbao, Spain
Structural Engineer: IDOM
Architect: ACXT-IDOM (IDOM Group)
The roof of San Mames football stadium was upgraded to improve spectators’ comfort on rainy days. IDOM’s solution is an innovative double layer cable-roof extension increasing the roof span and minimizing required reinforcements on the original roof all in a record construction time without any disruption to football games.The engineering design relied mainly on the ability to accurately predict the interaction between the existing roof and the new cable net. The undertaking required the complex processes of lifting and tensioning the new structure without over-stressing the existing roof.
The Award for Vehicle Bridges: Destructor Bridge, Bath UK
Structural Engineer: COWI (formerly Flint & Neill)
Architect: Knight Architects
The Destructor Bridge, named for the “Destructor” waste incinerator nearby, is a two lane, multi-functional urban highway bridge providing improved access across the River Avon to a new 2000+ home development area. The bridge replaced the original, single lane, 19th century riveted Warren truss girder bridge. The arch bridge has a deck suspended from flat steel hangers concealing a supporting case of box girders that anonymously contribute to the arch’s performance.
The Award for Pedestrian Bridges: Jet d’Eau mobile walkway, Geneva, Switzerland
Structural Engineer: INGENI SA
This new walkway provides access to Geneva’s monument the Jet d’Eau. The project focused on accessibility accounting for boats, walkers and people with reduced mobility. The bridge spans over 12m, and is capable of transforming from a low flat deck to a 2m high series of stairs allowing boats to pass underneath. Scissor truss mechanisms made from stainless steel plate are driven upwards by pistons at each end, causing the structure to rise like a wave and let boat traffic pass underneath, without interrupting the flow of pedestrian traffic.
The Award for Small Projects (of under £1 million): The Pump House, London UK
Structural Engineer: Webb Yates Engineers
Architect: Fabric Space
The structure of this mezzanine in a Victorian pump house building is entirely formed with repeating cast iron plates that interlock to form both the floor and balustrade creating an efficient and cost effective solution. The form represents the flow of load and stress through the pieces and is optimized for weight and strength while maintaining a very thin depth. Working closely with a local foundry and contractor, the engineers used a single mould to cast the panels, reducing manufacturing time and cost.
The Award for Small Projects (of between £1-3 million): Adele 25 Stage, Australia, New Zealand, USA and the UK
Structural Engineer: OPS Structures Ltd
Architect: Star Events Ltd
The stage concept for Adele’s 25 album tour was developed for adaptability and reuse as the tour traveled to different locations with innovations making it easy to tear down and reconstruct. OPS designed several bespoke features for the new stage that enabled the structure to reach beyond previous bounds of stadium stage touring ‘in-the-round’. The design focussed on minimizing working at height creating unobstructed views by negating traditional bracing and facilitating containerized transportation.
The Award for Structures in Extreme Conditions: MeyGen Phase 1A, Scotland UK
Structural Engineer: Robert Bird Group
Robert Bird Group designed the Turbine Support Structures for Phase 1A of the MeyGen project. Four turbines are installed off the north coast of Scotland, together supplying 6MW rated capacity to the grid. This is the first stage of the planned 398MW MeyGen tidal turbine farm, and is the first project of its kind anywhere in the world. Sitting in the turbulent intersection of the Atlantic and North Sea, the steel tripod gravity foundations have been designed to enable year round turbine operation over a 25 year life with no maintenance.
The Award for Structural Heritage: Makatote rail viaduct rejuvenation, New Zealand
Structural Engineer: Opus International Consultants
Architect: Heritage New Zealand
Makatote rail viaduct is located in the North Island of New Zealand and is one of the tallest railway viaducts in the country holding significant heritage value from its initial construction in 1908. The viaduct began to suffer from corrosion leading to section losses of steel elements. With an additional desire to upgrade for future load requirements, the viaduct was refurbished and strengthened to extend its life for another 50 years.
The Award for Structural Transformation: The Design Museum, London UK
Structural Engineer: ARUP
Architects: John Pawson Limited, OMA, Landscape Architects
Arup provided an engineering solution enabling the successful re-invigoration of the Grade II* Listed Commonwealth Institute exhibition building and creating a new home for the Design Museum. The solution involved strengthening and then retaining the building’s 2000 tonne roof and primary structure by temporarily suspending it 20m above ground, supported entirely by temporary works. This enabled the replacement of the existing façade and internal structure and the creation of a significant new basement covering the entire building plan.
The Award for Construction Innovation: TallWood House at Brock Commons, Vancouver, Canada
Structural Engineer: Fast + Epp
Architect: Acton Ostry Architects
The TallWood House at Brock Commons is an 18 story, mass timber hybrid building at the University of British Columbia (UBC) in Vancouver, Canada. Reaching 53m, this student residence building has been recognized as the tallest mass timber hybrid building in the world. It is comprised of 17 stories of five-ply cross laminated timber floor panels, glue laminated timber columns, and a concrete transfer slab at level two. Two full height concrete cores provide the lateral stability.
The Award for Construction Integration: National Taichung Theater, Taichung, Taiwan
Structural Engineer: ARUP
Architect: Toyo Ito & Associates
The Taichung National Theatre houses an opera house with 2009 seats, a playhouse with 800 seats, and a small theatre space with 160 seats. The theater’s main structure, a free-form, doubly curved, reinforced concrete shell, is a single continuous surface. Taiwan has the highest seismic loads resulting in the engineering team’s use of advanced analysis and optimization processes more commonly used for nuclear power stations.
The Award for Structural Artistry: Bahá’í Temple of South America, Santiago, Chile
Structural Engineer: Simpson Gumpertz & Heger|Patricio Bertholet M.|Halcrow|Josef Gartner GmbH
Architect: Hariri Pontarini Architects
Set on a hillside against the Andes Mountains, the Bahá’í Temple of South America welcomes worshipers from all directions through its nine entrances. The temple, which lets in light during the day and appears to glow in the evening, is comprised of nine wing-shaped, translucent petals of free-formed tubular steel space trusses, clad with cast glass on the exterior and marble on the interior. Constructed in a high-seismic zone, the temple’s structural design employs performance-based design methods, extensive testing, and seismic base isolation.
The Award for Outstanding Value: ElevArch, UK
Structural Engineer: Freyssinet/BHA
With an estimated 500 masonry arch bridges in the UK too low for Network Rail’s electrification program, a cost-effective solution is required to avoid the demolition of hundreds of over-bridges. Freyssinet explored the feasibility of vertically jacking bridge arches resulting in the ElevArch® concept, which was selected as one of four to advance into phase two, a full scale demonstrator, of the competition. This sustainable solution avoids unnecessary demolition and reconstruction for electrification schemes throughout the UK.
The Award for Sustainability: The Enterprise Centre, Norwich, UK
Structural Engineer: BDP
Architect: Architype Architects
This timber framed project showcases low-carbon sustainable building with a highly ecological specification. The commitment to sourcing local trade and low-carbon materials makes the Enterprise Centre an example for specification, structural integration as well as energy performance. The showcase exposed timber frame is just the surface of this building’s material story, which is rich from the ground up with local, domestic and recycled materials, offering a unique and inspiring 21st century building.
Architect Magazine has unveiled the 2017 edition of the “Architect 50,” their list of the 50 best architecture firms in the United States. The 2017 rankings are based on scores from three categories: business, design and sustainability. This year saw more entrants than ever before, with several first-time entrants making notable impressions, including the number 1 ranked design firm, WORKac. Topping the overall list was Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM), who also ranked in the top 10 in both design and sustainability.
See the top 10 from each category after the break.
- Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM)
- ZGF Architects
- WRNS Studio
- Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture
- Kirksey Architecture
- Marlon Blackwell Architects
- John Ronan Architects
- Lorcan O’Herlihy Architects
- Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
- MASS Design Group
- Anmahian Winton Architects
- Studio Gang Architects
- ZGF Architects
- ZeroEnergy Design
- Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM)
- Lake|Flato Architects
- Leddy Maytum Stacy Architects (LMS Architects)
- The Miller Hull Partnership
- Touloukian Touloukian
- Mark Cavagnero Associates
- BAR Architects
- WRNS Studio
- HDR Architecture
- Ehrlich Yanai Rhee Chaney Architects
- SfL+A Architects
- Kirksey Architecture
See the full Architect 50 with profiles on the top firms, here.
News via Architect Magazine.
This article was originally published by Archipreneur as “Architect Salaries by Country: Where Do Architects Earn the Highest Salaries.”
While the amount of information about architect salaries in specific countries and cities is abundant, there are many discrepancies between different sourced when it comes to country-to-country comparisons. Having a global overview of architect salaries is also tricky to get because of the many variables that go into the equation. You need to take into consideration the position, experience, size of firm, location, not to mention the relationship between earnings and living costs and various tax, insurance and legal differences among different countries.
There are a variety of organizations and magazines that publish salary surveys for architects. An infographic published by Metalocus shows that these seven countries (in ascending order) offer highest average monthly salaries: Ireland ($4,651), Qatar ($4,665), Canada ($4,745), Australia ($4,750), United States ($5,918), the UK ($6,146), and Switzerland ($7,374).
ClearEdge3D conducted the 2017 AEC Industry Salary Survey, in which more than 6,500 executives throughout the industry took part and responded on pay levels, salary increases and other compensation-related information. Their findings show that AEC professionals working in North America earn more than their European colleagues.
According to the research, 32% of AEC professionals in the US and Canada earn more than $100,000, compared to only 9% in western Europe, and none in eastern Europe. The majority of AEC professionals working in Europe earned less than $75,000 per year.
Beside these geographical differences, the survey also concluded that there is still a significant gender gap in the AEC industry when it comes to salary. Men earning $100,000 or more account for 7% more than women, despite the data that shows their female counterparts are better educated – 58% of women have a four-year degree, compared to 54% for men. This gap is even more noticeable at the lower end of the salary scale – 36% of women earn less than $50,000 – nearly twice more than men that belong in the same pay bracket, according to the report.
According to RIBA’s Salary Guide 2017, principals and partners in the UK have a median salary of £43,605, while architects with over five years of experience earn a median of £38,000. The guide states that, although this is very general information since it covers the whole of the UK, it indicates a positive trend in that salaries for all but one of the roles surveyed have either risen or remained the same across the UK since the previous Survey that took place in 2015.
Salaries in London are consistently higher than the rest of the UK across the board. The differences can be quite big. For example, it is an average of 8% higher for partners, directors and sole principals. However, Scotland also indicates higher than average salaries. The Survey confirms that practices in London may pay the highest salaries, but it is notable that practices in Scotland pay consistently higher salaries in that their range is less. In fact, Scotland’s lower quartile salary is the highest in the UK, whereas London’s is fourth of the 14 regions.
The highest salary rises are in practices of 3-10 staff and sole practitioners. Regardless of the size of practice, salaries have increased across the board between 2015 and 2016.
AIA’s biannual Compensation Survey released new data in 2015 that shows that average compensations for architectural staff positions are on the rise. The report, which includes salary data for 39 architecture-firm positions in 27 states, 27 metro areas, and 15 cities, found that the average compensation for staff positions rose 3.5% since early 2013 (or 1.75 percent per year).
All major categories of architectural positions saw compensation increases, which were relatively uniform across experience levels. Interns have seen the least compensation gains in the past four years, due to a surplus of recent graduates entering the field and competing for a limited number of jobs. According to the chart, licensed architects earn between $64,200 and $91,300 mean compensation by region (USA), depending on experience.
You can use AIA’s new Compensation Survey Salary Calculator tool, which includes data for full-time architectural staff employees at AIA member firms in the U.S. with three or more architectural staff employees.
Landscape Architects Network (LAN) published their own findings on the best countries for landscape architects. Among their best nine countries to earn a high-paying landscape architecture salary are Canada (mid-range salaries ranging from $80,000 to $100,000 CAD), the United States ($77,000 USD), Australia (between $41,943 and $84,447 AUD), UAE (AED 216,000 to 264,000), Singapore ($78,000), Switzerland (CHF 61,148 per year), The UK (£30,000 to £40,000), Germany (€32,348 per year), and China (from ¥108,000 to ¥324,000).
The 2017 Women in Architecture survey, published annually by The Architectural Review, reveals that 30% of women and almost the same proportion of men wouldn’t recommend a career in architecture. This attitude varies with age – those in their 20s and over 50s are most likely to “encourage a young person to pursue a career in architecture.”
This year’s 77-question online survey, completed by 1,277 women and 340 men, provides insights relating to in-work experiences and out-of-work responsibilities from architects around the world. Some 70% of respondents are based in the UK, 12% in North America, 8% in Europe, 3% from Australia and New Zealand and 3% from the Middle East and Asia. Three-quarters of respondents are in their 20s and 30s, most of whom work as architects or architectural assistants. Overall, 63% of those completing the survey are fully qualified architects.
In last year’s survey, 40% of women worldwide think they would be paid more if they were male, with nearly a third unsure. While the survey does not include enough male respondents to provide the ideal data, it does provide some inputs into markets such as the US and Canada, as well as the UK, suggesting the pay gap varies significantly according to seniority. At a senior level the data reveals significant discrepancies among salaries, with UK men at director, partner or principal level earning a 31% premium of £19,500.
The project would replace the city’s soon-to-be-demolished USPS headquarters with a new 5-million-square-foot development consisting of multiple high-rise buildings containing facilities for retail, office, residential and a hotel.
The plan is organized around two central skyscrapers, the taller of which would top out at over 970 feet – more than foot feet taller than the city’s current tallest building, the Wells Fargo Center. The two skyscrapers would be linked at 680 feet high by a 236-foot-long glass-walled bridge housing a skygarden and offering unparallelled views of the city and the surrounding landscape.
Buildings would be built to the highest sustainability and energy efficiency standards, utilizing the latest heat pump technology as well as solar-panel-integrated curtain walls.
Partner of William / Kaven and Kaven + Co. founder Daniel Kaven believes the development could serve as a major incubator for the city, while becoming a new destination for both residents and tourists.
“What we have conceived is a dynamic, modern neighborhood centralized around an extension of the park blocks,” said Kaven. “The towers are large enough to serve as a headquarters for a Fortune 100 company, such as Amazon, and would anchor the entire district both architecturally and financially. The towers and interlinking skybridge would be an iconic addition to Portland’s skyline and a destination for locals and tourists alike. The elevated garden would be a tropical respite from the gray of the city at any time of the year and provide breathtaking views of Mt. Hood and the entire city skyline.”
The development would also link to the adjacent Portland train station, which would be expanded to transform into a high-tech transportation hub that could connect existing Portland transportation networks with future systems, such as the proposed American Northwest Hyperloop One route.
“This is our opportunity to lead the effort to build a bullet train network that links Portland to Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle and Vancouver from the heart of an already-existing downtown transportation hub. There is no better place, nor a better time, than the opportunity that is upon us, with this huge site next to our historic train station,” adds Kaven.